10 Signs of Water Filter Scams

When you are desperate for clean healthy water, it is easy to fall for a scam and buy a cheap home water filtration system at an inflated price. But knowledge is power! So you will not be the next water filter victim, here are some documented water filter scams you can avoid.

  • When a water filter salesperson comes to your door with the grim news that your drinking water supply comes from recycled wastewater and you may need a water treatment system in your house.
  • When a water purifier representative tells you that your local tap water contains cancer-causing chemicals that cause deformities of babies.
  • When a water filter company comes with unverifiable scientific data proclaiming the benefits of its supposedly energized mineral water.
  • When a food giant company claims that their bottled water “comes from a lush spring tucked deep in the woods of Maine.”
  • When a salesperson comes to your house with unsolicited claims that he or she can sell a camping water filter and water purifier that will make untreated water in the wilderness safe to drink.
  • A water filter company claims their water filter is approved by USEPA and it will remove certain harmful chemicals in your drinking water.
  • A filter manufacturer claims their water filter system is NSF-certified when in fact the filter was simply tested or the unit (not the filter) was certified. Some housing units may be certified for integrity while the filter may not.
  • Someone comes to your door to peddle water-testing kits and then warns you that your tap water contains high lead or chlorine or other harmful contaminants. This is an attempt to sell you his or her overprized and non-certified water filter system.
  • A water filter salesperson who pretends to be from a local water authority representative comes to your door asking you to participate in a “water survey.”
  • A water filter peddler tells you there had been a chemical spill near your water supply and your house water may not be safe to drink, and then tried to convince you to have your water tested so you can buy you their expensive filter.

How to avoid a possible water filter scam:

  • You can simply contact your Water Authority to confirm any claim of water contaminations. If there is a problem you will hear in the news. You should also have received an annual report about the condition of your water supply.
  • You can buy a home water testing kits to confirm the presence of some contaminants in your water or contact your local water authority for information about a possible free testing program in your community.
  • Check NSF website to confirm claims that a filter is NSF-certified. There is a lot of information about drinking water treatments on this site.
  • Confirm with EPA any claims that a water purifier is EPA-approved. Note: EPA does not certify water filters.
  • Don’t give in to pressure to buy an overpriced, unreliable and untested water filter for your house. Take a deep breath, ask the salesperson to come back and do some of the suggestions listed above.

Chlorine and Fluoride: The Two Common and Potentially Harmful Chemicals in Your Tap Water

Chlorine and fluoride are two common drinking water problems simply because these chemicals are intentionally added to water at treatment plants to kill germs in the water before it’s distributed to homes. Because chlorine smell is very unpleasant, most people buy a home water treatment to remove the chemical.

Other disinfection byproducts like chloramines are also harmful chemicals that may be present in drinking water. The good news is there are water filter systems and showerhead filters you can buy to reduce these potentially harmful chemicals in your water to a safe and healthy level.

Some consider fluoridation a bad idea regardless of what studies show that it is good for teeth development. The other good news is there are fluoride water filter systems you can buy to reduce the chemical to a safe and healthy level.

How much chlorine or fluoride do I have in my water?

You can buy a simple home test kits to determine the concentrations of these two chemicals in your water. Buy one of these all-in-one kits that contains water test kits.

Possible problems associated with chlorine in water and air

      • Chlorine is an inorganic substance that chemically bonds to the protein in our hair and skin, destroying its natural ecological balance.
      • It can leave your hair dry and brittle and make your skin flaky and itchy.
      • Its presence in the air can also trigger negative reactions in children, the elderly, and people with sensitivity chlorination byproducts.
      • It can escape into the air within your piping system affecting the air quality in the house.

      Drinking water and showerhead filters for chlorine treatment

    • Studies have shown that for health reasons it is best to reduce the chemical in drinking and showering water. A whole-house water filter can prevent it from escaping into the air in your house. According to EPA, “By filtering all the water that enters your home, you not only greatly enhance the quality of your household water, but you also dramatically improve your indoor air quality.”
    • Choose a dependable filtration device . . .

    • Multi-Pure water filters are capable of reducing chloramines. he Multi-Pure MP750 Plus RO is the only device certified under NSF/ANSI Standards 42, 53, and 58 to reduce: Nitrates/Nitrate, Arsenic V, Chloramine, PCBs, Toxaphene, Chlordane, Lead, Mercury, and more.

      Problems that may be associated with fluoride in water

    • There is an ongoing debate about whether or not fluoride in water is healthy. You can read more about this on this blog site. Fact is at low regulated concentration, fluoridation is very healthy but there is still an argument that even a low dose is unacceptable.

      Bottled water is not the solution

    • Bottled water is not an alternative. Various reports have shown that the water quality in some of those packaged bottles is substandard compared to tap water. In this age of “bailout”, “stimulus” and “rescue” packages, why would anyone continue to spend money on bottled water? NRDC compared the cost per gallon of tap water to bottled water. The cost per gallon for tap water is $0.002, and bottled water ranges from $0.89 to $8.26.

How a Water Treatment Plant Works

Water treatment is required in most cases with very few exceptions. Drinking water sources need to be treated or purified prior to distributing to homes.

Natural rainwater tends to be pure but the need for water treatment is because the rainwater may pick up contaminants as it drops, or as the overland water flows to lakes, rivers, and wells.

Under the Safe Drinking Water Act, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets maximum allowable levels of several contaminants found in source water supplies.

Under the Act, public water suppliers must monitor their water to make sure it complies with science-based public health standards. However, the Act does not cover private wells so each good owner must be responsible to find out what contaminants are in their drinking water.

Because some contaminants are colorless and odorless, testing is recommended for well water to ensure it is safe to drink.

Contaminants in source water may come naturally or are from human activities such as combined sewer overflows, concentrated animal feeding operations, failed septic systems, constructions.

Contaminants may come in the form of dissolved organic and inorganic substances. The source water may also smell and look bad, and may also contain bacteria and other microbiological organisms at levels that threaten public health.

Microbial contaminants that may be of special concern are pesticides, minerals, and solvents which may cause gastrointestinal problems, skin irritations, cancer, reproductive and developmental problems, and other chronic health effects.

If contamination poses an immediate health threat, water suppliers are required by law to immediately notify consumers.

To remove these contaminants, source water may go through the following basic treatment steps: preliminary screening, coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.

Some water treatment plant may require additional treatment steps because of the extent or types of contaminants in the source water such as aeration, ion exchange, distillation, and other steps as determined by the water treatment operators.

Preliminary Screening

Screening is necessary to remove floating debris from the source water. This debris may be dead woods, leaves, rags, or from runoffs from storm events or snow melts. Some water treatment plants also use very fine screen materials or micro-strainers to remove suspended algae and plankton.


While the screening process is to remove small suspended particles, the coagulation process is to remove dirt and other suspended particles missed by screening. Coagulation requires the addition of alum and other chemicals. These contaminants flow toward the chemicals to form “flocs” which attract other impurities. The flocs become heavy and are separated from the water through the next process – sedimentation.


Think about sedimentation in terms of muddy water scooped into a clear jar and allowed to sit for a few hours. You will notice the water at the top becomes clear (maybe not fit to drink) as a sheet of impurities settles at the bottom of the jar. Sedimentation on a large scale is also the separation of water from the flocs. The combination of alum and contaminants will settle at the bottom leaving the clear water on the surface. Water from the coagulation process is allowed to settle for several hours (typically three hours) and the clear water is then transferred to the filtration unit.


Water filtration is a process whereby water passes through filters, some made of layers of sand, gravel, and charcoal that help remove even smaller particles that may have passed through the preceding process units. These particles may pose significant threats to human health; therefore, filtration is the surest way to remove them prior to distribution by water suppliers. In fact, the Surface Water Treatment Rule under the Safe Drinking Water Act requires some source water to be filtered. The most common filtration methods are sand filtration and rapid gravity filtration. Others may include packaged filtration, membrane filtration, and diatomaceous earth filtration.


Disinfection is the most important part of water treatment. This process is to kill or inactivate any pathogenic bacterial in source water such as algae, spores, and viruses. Ninety-nine percent of Giardia cysts must be inactivated to provide safe and healthy water. The basic disinfection methods are chlorination, chloramines, ozone, ultraviolet light, and nanofiltration.


After the water is fully treated, it is now ready to be distributed to consumers. However, treated water is placed in a closed tank or reservoir and then flows through pipes to homes and businesses in the community. Similarly, some multi-stage home water filter systems come with a storage tank. For instance, a 5-stage reverse osmosis water filter comes with a storage tank. This tank stores the treated water and ready to be dispensed.

Why Home Water Filters?

You may wonder why people still buy water purifiers or filters after all the regulations and treatment methods. A disinfectant must be effective in killing or inactivating all pathogenic bacteria and should not leave any residual.

But residual chlorine often remains in the water supply leaving unpleasant tastes and odors which must be removed by consumers. Concerns about water qualities have driven people to buy portable water purifiers when they are away from homes.

These home water treatment devices can remove these unwanted tastes and odors. Home water filters that come with activated carbon and reverse osmosis filters are capable of removing tastes and odors.

Also, water distributed to homes may be fit to drink; however, it may pick up contaminants within the home plumbing fixtures. Lead in old pipes or in solders may leach into the water.

Therefore, it may be necessary to have the water tested to determine if water filters purifiers are necessary. It is even advisable for well water to be tested for possible contaminants, and to determine if a water purifier or filter is necessary.

During water treatment, UV radiation is generated by a special light that penetrates the cell wall of an organism. This water treatment technology is also used in some home water treatment systems to kill the bacteria in the water.

Solid Carbon Block Filters

Solid carbon block filters effectively treat the age-old contaminants such as lead, TCE, chlorine, benzene and several contaminants found in the nation’s drinking water supplies today like MTBE, chloramines, and PCBs.…

Camping Water Purifier Benefits

A portable or handheld water purification system could be a potential lifesaver during your next camping or hiking trip.

If you are planning for a short or long camping adventure, a water purifier could make your time fun and healthy.

The quality of water in the wilderness is unpredictable but you don’t want to carry lots of bottled water during your camping; a reliable purification system could give you water with quality equal or better than bottled water.

Why a camping water purifier is essential

A camping water purifier is essential because of varieties of drinking water problems. You can easily identify contaminated water if it is colored, turbid, or tasty.

But you may not be able to perceive that certain clear and pure water is unsafe to drink. This is because harmful dissolved organic materials and other invisible waterborne parasites and bacteria can hide in water.

Thousands of chemicals can dissolve in water so it may take water testing to determine the level and the type of contamination.

Carrying bottled water is less convenient if you are camping for a long period, and it’s not environmentally-friendly to dispose of empty plastic bottles.

A portable purifier can fit into your backpack or a pump will take lesser space in your car than dozens of bottled water, it could be a potential lifesaver.

So, to drink healthy water on your next camping trip, without the expense of bottled water, it is best to carry with you reliable handheld purifier.

Where to buy

Amazon carries the best assortment of camping purifier systems. This is also a site where you can also find honest reviews by real users of each of these purification systems.

The best and genuine reviews will come from people who have actually used the purifiers during their camping trips to treat real contaminated water.

You will get the good and the bad aspect of a system which will help you choose the best portable purification you can take with you for camping.…

Water Filters Buying Guide

Water filters are designed to resolve problems associated with harmful contaminants in water. Bad taste or smell can make water unsuitable to drink, or a high concentration of chlorine in water can make you itch or have scaly skin after you shower.

So, if your goal is to improve the quality of your water and to have a better tasting and healthy drinking and shower water, this site will guide you to choose the filtration system that best meets household or commercial needs.

Your First Step?…

Before a home or a commercial outlet decides to buy a water filter system, the first step is to test the water to find out exactly what the exact contaminants in order to choose the best water filter.

Even if you are making a homemade filter, knowing the contaminants will help you buy the right parts. You can find affordable self-testing kits on the market. For example, a lead test costs less than $20; you can get a good test kit for almost the same amount or less.

Even if you hire a laboratory, a portable in-home self-testing kit can give you the same results at far less cost. After you have confirmed what’s in your water, it’s easy to find the best filtration systems that are certified to remove or reduce that specific contaminant in your water without getting scammed.

How to select the right home filtration

There are two ways to install a water filter namely the point-of-entry (POE) systems which treat water as it enters a home or a commercial outlet; and a point-of-use (POU) which is installed at a location where the water will be used such as kitchen faucet, shower head, and refrigerator.

Examples of POE systems are whole house filtrations, and whole house softening units. The POUs include countertop water filters, faucet mount, under sink, pitcher/carafe, refrigerator filter, and shower head filters.

The best treatment systems are the ones that have been tested and certified by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) International. NSF is an independent organization that tests and certifies filters for performance.

Certifications provide some level of confidence that the units you are about to buy can do what the manufacturer says it would do. The filtration system you choose should provide a statement that lists exactly which contaminants the filter is certified to reduce under which NSF/ANSI Standard.

For instance, Standard 42 is for Aesthetic Effects or “taste and odor,” Standard 53 for Health Effects, like Cryptosporidium, lead, volatile organic chemicals (VOCs), and disinfection by-products, Standard 177 for chlorine in a shower head.…